15. Level. Most abscesses are septic, which means that they are the result of an infection. Abscess Definition An abscess is an enclosed collection of liquefied tissue, known as pus, somewhere in the body. Let's examine what happens when your breast suffers blunt trauma – the official medical term for a forceful injury to the breast. Loss of differentiation of cells; reversion to a more primitive type; anaplasia. Create your own flash cards! not, without (negative prefix) anti-, contra-against (negative prefix) de-down, without (negative prefix) dis-absence, removal, separation (negative prefix) in-*, im- (before b, m, or p), or un-not (*in may also mean in or into) (negative prefix) ab-away from (prefix for direction) ad-toward, near (prefix for direction) dia-, per-, … The method may or may not require an axillary dissection. medical terms reproductive quiz - pta. Free. Start studying Medical Terminology: Female Reproductive System Breast Operative Terms. Women participate in early detection by performing monthly breast self-examination and getting medical attention for lumps or abnormalities in the breast, by having clinical breast exams by a health professional, and by having mammograms once they reach 40 years of age. ... Tumor in which radiation can cause the death of cells without serious damage to surrounding tissue. A comprehensive database of more than 154 medical terminology quizzes online, test your knowledge with medical terminology quiz questions. The state with the highest incidence of breast cancer is Massachusetts. CONDITION WITHOUT SPERM: Term. The medical term for the surgeries commonly known as breast uplifts is Mastopexy. ; ACL: Anterior cruciate ligament.ACL injuries are one of the most common ligament injuries to the knee. Fibrocystic changes (previously, fibrocystic disease) is a catchall term that refers to mastalgia, breast cysts, and nondescript masses (usually in the upper outer part of the breast); these findings may occur in isolation or together. Term that describes localized tumor growth. Although breast cancer is a fairly common malignancy affecting one out of every eight women in the U.S. at some point in life, benign (non-cancerous) conditions of the breast are much more common. Spread of malignant tumor to a distant location. See also dysgenesis. Subject. Staging Laparotomy. Suffixes are attached at the end of words to change or add to the original meaning. Among these building blocks are the prefixes. Occasionally a surgeon may remove the whole t… Total Cards. Tests the concentration of hormone receptor sites in cells of breast cancer patients. Exposure to any form of radiant energy such as light, heat, or X-Rays. Medical Terminology Quiz 2.8. Some suffixes also signify medical … Hormone therapy, birth control pills, pregnancy, menopause, being overweight, infection, and breastfeeding can also cause them. Once you've been diagnosed with breast cancer, your doctor will review your pathology report and the results of any imaging tests to understand the specifics of your tumor. adj., adj hyperplas´tic. Breast specialist A term describing health care professionals who have a dedicated interest in breast health. Alopecia: Hair loss, a common side effect of chemotherapy. Even though breast self-examination is not recommended as a screening tool for breast cancer (routine mammography is recommended for breast cancer detection), every woman should become familiar with how her breasts look and feel so she can more easily identify changes she feels or sees in her breasts. Pharmacology. Cellular substance that along with DNA plays an important role in protein synthesis. Prefixes, medical: Medical words are often put together, cobbled from two or more building blocks. Gynecomastia Definition Gyne refers to female, and mastia refers to the breast. Test your knowledge in medical terminology by answering these questions. In fact, most masses and lumps in the breasts are not cancer. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Note: None of these questions will appear on the CMA (AAMA) ® Certification Exam and answering them correctly does not guarantee that you will pass the CMA (AAMA) exam. The structure of the female breast is complex — including fat, glandular and connective tissue, as well as lobes, lobules, ducts, lymph nodes, blood vessels and … Before we can start in with some new and interesting medical terms, you need to learn a few fundamentals of how medical terminology is constructed as a language. Subject. Evaluation of the degree of maturity of tumor cells. Those factors include the makeup of your breasts (fatty tissue vs. dense or thick tissue), your age, hormone problems. 09/09/2010. Regular schedule right after menstrual period or 4 -7 days after the 1st day of menstruation. Choose from 500 different sets of medical terminology flashcards on Quizlet. 16. Benign breast conditions are generally caused by a number of factors. Not all breast growth in men is considered abnormal, just excess growth. ... without removing any other part of the breast. Treatment using immune cells and antibodies to kill tumor cells. This may be a needle biopsy, where a very fine needle is used to take a tiny sample of the tumour. Cards … Cardiovascular Word Building. Affirm she is healthy 2. Medical. 1. Example of a solid tumor derived from epithelial tissue. In medical terminology, suffixes usually signify a medical condition, surgical procedure, diagnostic term, test information, disease, or part of speech. Wide surgical incision of the abdomen to detect disease. Description of cells without specialized (mature) structures of functions. List points to include in teaching the breast self-examination. It acts on the GHB receptor and is a weak agonist at the GABA B receptor. Created. A mushrooming pattern of growth as tumor cells pile on top of each other. Adenocarcinoma: Specific form of breast cancer arising in gland-forming tissue. Tumor requires large doses of radiation to produce death of cells. CC: (cm) [ sen´tĭ-me″ter ] one hundredth (10 −2 ) of a meter . Destruction of tissue by electric sparks. Here are some examples related to the Endocrine System. The mammary gland is a milk producing gland. Low-Energy beams of radiation for treatment of skin or surface tumors. Description of an estrogen receptor assay. Most medical terms are comprised of a root word plus a suffix (word ending) and/or a prefix (beginning of the word). Term that includes sessile and pedunculated types of growths. Mammography is the principal way to detect breast cancer early. 140. bronchopulmonary dysplasia chronic lung disease of premature infants with hyaline membrane disease who have needed high concentrations of oxygen and assisted ventilation. Medical Terminology Questions. quizlet medical terminology flashcards › Verified 2 … This is the removal of a small section of the tumour, the sample will be analysed by a histopathologist in order to establish a precise diagnosis. Areola: The pigmented area around the nipple. Our online breast cancer trivia quizzes can be adapted to suit your requirements for taking some of the top breast cancer quizzes. Oh no! Dose of radiation delivered under highly precise guidance (Gamma Knife Surgery). Suffixes in medical terminology. cubic centimeter (cm 3 ) (cc) a unit of capacity, being that of a cube each side of which measures 1 cm; equal to 1 mL. Example of a genetic material that causes cancer. Medical Definition of Breast. For the health care professional, it is imperative that precision is used in the way patients’ physical conditions and diseases are described. See also hypertrophy and proliferation. In women the breasts are secondary sex organs with the function of producing milk after childbirth. oligospermia: Definition. Breast: The breast refers to the front of the chest or, more specifically, to the mammary gland. Read these instructions before taking this practice exam. It is the result of the body's defensive reaction to foreign material. The latin name for the breast is mamma, thus it is clear why we belong to the class of mammals together with many other animal species.. 18. Giving radiation in small, repeated doses. Substances produced by normal cells that either directly block tumor growth or stimulate the immune system to fight cancer. Gynecomastia is strictly a male disease and is any growth of the adipose (fatty) and glandular tissue in a male breast. Genetic material within the nucleus of a cell. The term breast is less commonly used to refer to the breasts of the human male, which neither function nor develop. The term comes from the Greek "mastos" meaning "breast", and "pexia" meaning "affix" Unit of DNA composed of sugar, phosphate, and a base. It is composed largely of fat. Chemicals that prevent cell division by inhibiting formation of substances necessary to make DNA. Level. adj., adj dysplas´tic. Use of drugs to attack specific targets (mutations) that drive cancer cell growth. Tumor is present with palpable regional lymph nodes and no metastasis. ... Tests the concentration of hormone receptor sites in cells of breast cancer patients. 3. Examples of prefixes used in medicine include: a- : Prefix much employed in the health sciences indicating "not, without, -less" as, for example, in alexia (not read), aphagia (not eat), aphonia (not voice, voiceless). Modern medical terms and terminology provides such precision and specificity. Breast self-exam (BSE) is one method by which a woman can track any abnormal changes in her breasts, and adult women may choose to perform monthly breast self-examinations. Breasts have a nodular and dense texture and are frequently tender when palpated. breast [brest] the front of the chest, especially the modified cutaneous, glandular structure it bears, the mamma. Synthetic chemicals containing alkyl groups that interfere with DNA synthesis. The ACL can be sprained or completely torn from trauma and/or degeneration. Medical Author: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR; Breast: The breast refers to the front of the chest or, more specifically, to the mammary gland. A-, an-: Lack of or without. a.c.: Before meals. Subatomic particles produced by a cyclotron deposit an absorbed dose of radiation at a focused point in the body. Trauma can occur from a blow. Replication of cells; two identical cells from a parent cell. Agents that cause cancer; chemicals, drugs, radiation, viruses. It facilitates effective communication and correspondence between physicians across borders and from different parts of the world. It is composed largely of fat. They may be at the beginning, in the middle, or at the end of a medical word. Description. Drugs that increase the sensitivity of tumors to X-Rays. Our online medical terminology trivia quizzes can be adapted to suit your requirements for taking some of the top medical terminology quizzes. Learn to know the body’s systems, recognize medical root words commonly used, and understand the Greek influence in medical terminology. Additional Pharmacology Flashcards . -Inspect and Palpate the Axilla-Palpate breasts-Teach breast self-examination 5. Wide resection of tumor and removal of surrounding tissue. Within the mammary gland is a complex network of branching ducts. Breast cancer occurs in males as well, but it accounts for a small percentage … excision of a breast tumor without removing any other tissue or lymph nodes, removal of an entire breast but with the underlying muscle and axillary lymph nodes left intact, removal of an entire breast along with the underlying chest muscles and axillary lymph nodes, removal of an entire breasted lymph nodes of the axilla, reconstruction ot enlarge the breast, often by insertion of an implant, reconstruction ro remove excessive breast tissue. Chemical substances, produced by bacteria or primitive plants; inhibit the growth of cells in cancer chemotherapy. Click here to study/print these flashcards. Region of DNA in tumor cells or in viruses that cause cancer. Drugs are given before primary treatment to reduce the size of the tumor. A comprehensive database of more than 14 breast cancer quizzes online, test your knowledge with breast cancer quiz questions. benign prostatic hyperplasia benign prostatic hypertrophy. Sign up here. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. General Words; Body Parts and Disorders reproductive medical terms for pta. The mammary gland is a milk producing gland. The term breast is less commonly used to refer to the breasts of the human male, which neither function nor develop. Breast health is a source of concern for most women. Outpatient: A patient who receives care without being admitted to a hospital. Dyschromia is the medical term meaning change in color, and dyschromic is the medical term meaning pertaining to dyschromia. not, without, less ab: away from –ac: pertaining to acous/acouso-hearing: acr/acro-extremity, topmost –acusis: hearing condition –ad: toward, in the direction of ad-increase, adherence, motion toward, very aden/adeno-gland: adip/adipo-fat: adren/adreno-gland –aemia blood condition aer/aero-air, gas aesthesio- sensation –al: pertaining to Total Cards. Breast Cancer Glossary of Medical Terms. Here is a list of word parts. Medical terminology follows the same structural rules all language does, including use of prefixes and suffixes. gamma-Hydroxybutyric acid or γ-Hydroxybutyric acid (GHB), also known as 4-hydroxybutanoic acid, is a naturally occurring neurotransmitter and a psychoactive drug.It is a precursor to GABA, glutamate, and glycine in certain brain areas. CONDITION where a man produces a SCANTY amount of SPERM: Term. Also, test your knowledge in anatomy and physiology. 1. hyperplasia [hi″per-pla´zhah] abnormal increase in volume of a tissue or organ caused by the formation and growth of new normal cells. Inflammation of the inner lining of an organ. Surgical procedure. Description There are two types of abscesses, septic and sterile. Radiation applied to a tumor from a distant source. Tumor in which radiation can cause the death of cells without serious damage to surrounding tissue. Cancer treatment using immune cells and antibodies to kill tumor cells. Medical prefixes and suffixes. breast [brest] the front of the chest, especially the modified cutaneous, glandular structure it bears, the mamma. a/g ratio: Albumin to globulin ratio. Description. If you begin to analyze the etymology of the word ‘mom’, you’ll notice that in almost every language it originates from the Latin term mamma. You likely know some of these from words outside the realm of medicine. What causes benign breast conditions? ... SURGICAL FIXATION of the BREAST(S) Term. Start studying Medical Terminology Chapter 19. Reduction mammoplasty (also breast reduction and reduction mammaplasty) is the plastic surgery procedure for reducing the size of large breasts. To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. For more details see Chapter 4: Understanding the Components of Medical Terminology dysplasia [dis-pla´zhah] an abnormality of development; in pathology, alteration in size, shape, and organization of adult cells. Previous Next 1 of 6 Female breast anatomy. It looks like your browser needs an update. As in taking a medicine before meals. The breasts may feel heavy and uncomfortable. In women the breasts are secondary sex organs with the function of producing milk after childbirth. These ducts exit from sac-like structures called lobules, which can produce milk in females. The female breast in humans contain mammary glands that produce milk for nursing their young. Family members are tested to determine whether they have inherited a cancer-causing gene. Virginal breast hypertrophy, or premature development of large breasts Women over the age of 40 are encouraged to do self-breast exams monthly and get a mammogram at least once a year. Using a tissue sample from your breast biopsy or using your tumor if you've already undergone surgery, your medical team determines your breast cancer type. 7. Details: Learn medical terminology with free interactive flashcards. Any changes in y… Breast medical definition, flashcards and ICD-10 codes. 17. Professional. Study using CT scan or MRI to map treatment prior to radiation treatment. Within the mammary gland is a complex network of branching ducts.

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